5782 – Timeline of Jewish History

This Hebrew year starts September 7th 2021-2022. A Hebrew year is 355 days long. On this day, September 7, 2021, using God’s lunar calendar, the Biblical year 5782 begins.

On the race toward the beginning of the seventh millenium, the Western calendar is already off by 23 years whereas the Jewish Calendar has still 217 years to run. Thus giving rise to a difference of 240 year! The Question is, where are the discrepancies?

And this year, according to the Jews, is 5782.

Timeline of Jewish History (from Chabad)

By Mattis Kantor

Creation of Heaven and Earth, and Adam and Eve

-37601Creation of Adam and Eve
-3631130Seth (son of Adam) was born
-3526235Enoch (son of Seth) was born
-3436325Keynan (son of Enosh) was born
-3366395Mehalalel (son of Keynan) was born
-3301460Yered (son of Mehalalel) was born
-3139622Chanoch (son of Yered) was born
-3074687Metushelach (son of Chanoch) was born
-2887874Lemech II (son of Metushelach) was born
-2831930Adam died
-27051056Noah (son of Lemech II) was born
-22251536Noah began the construction of the ark
-22051556Yaphet (son of Noah) was born
-22041557Cham (son of Noah) was born
-22031558Shem (son of Noah) was born
-21051656Metushelach died
-21051656The great flood covered the earth
-21031658Arpachshad (son of Shem) was born
-20681693Shelach (son of Arpachshad) born
-20381723Eber (son of Shelach) was born
-20041757Peleg (son of Eber) was born
-19741787Re’u (son of Peleg) was born
-19421819Serug (son of Re’u) was born
-19121849Nachor I (son of Serug) was born
-18831878Terah (son of Nachor I) was born

The Forefathers

-18131948Abraham was born
-18031958Sarah (daughter of Haran) was born
-17881973Abraham married Sarah
-17651996Dispersion from Babel after building the tower
-17612000Terah left Ur Kasdim with his family
-17552006Noah died
-17432018The covenant (Brit Bein Habetarim) with Abraham
-17382023Abraham settled in Canaan (start of the 430 years? Ex 12:40. No, earlier 2018 above)
-17272034Ishmael (son of Abraham) was born
-17132048Abraham circumcised himself and Ishmael
-17132048Sodom and Gommorah were destroyed
-17132048Isaac (son of Abraham) was born
-16772084The Akeda, where Isaac was brought on the altar by Abraham
-16772084Sarah died
-16532108Jacob and Esau were born
-16382123Abraham died
-16032158Shem (son of Noah) died
-15902171Isaac blessed Jacob instead of Esau
-15762185Jacob went to Haran
-15742187Eber (great-grandson of Shem) died
-15692192Jacob married Leah and Rachel
-15662195Levi (son of Jacob and Leah) was born
-15622199Joseph, son of Jacob and Rachel, was born
-15562205Jacob left Haran
-15532208Benjamin was born
-15452216Joseph was sold
-15332228Isaac died
-15322229Joseph became viceroy of Egypt
-15262235Kehot (son of Levi) was born
-15232238Jacob (and his family) went to Egypt

Living in Egypt

-15062255Jacob died
-14292332After Levi died, the enslavement in Egypt began
-13932368Moses was born
-13552406Joshua was born
-13142447Moses encountered the burning bush
-13132448The Exodus (end of the 430 year)

Traveling Through the Desert

-13132448The Israelites crossed the Red Sea
-13132448The revelation at Mount Sinai and the giving of the Torah
-13132448Moses broke the Tablets
-13122449Moshe came down Mount Sinai with the second Tablets
-13122449The Tabernacle was erected
-13122449The spies returned from Canaan with bad news
-12742487Aharon and Miriam died
-12732488Moses died

Judges and Early Prophets

-12732488The Israelites crossed the Jordan into Canaan
-12582503The appointment of the Land of Israel was completed
-12452516Joshua died
-12282533The rule of Judges began with Othniel ben Kenaz
-11882573Ehud ben Gerah became leader
-11072654Shamgar ben Anath died
-11072654Deborah became leader
-10672694Gideon became leader
-10272734Abimelech, son of Gideon, became leader
-10242737Tola, son of Pua, became leader
-10032758Jair, the Gileadite, became leader
-9822779Jephtah (HaGil’adi) became leader
-9692792Elon (HaZevuloni) became leader
-9592802Abdon ben Hillel became leader
-9512810Samson became leader
-9312830Eli the Kohen became leader
-9072854David was born
-8902871Samuel became leader

Kings and the First Holy Temple

-8792882Saul was appointed king
-8772884David became king of Judah in Hebron
-8692892David became king of Israel in Jerusalem
-8372924Solomon became king
-8332928The building of the first Beit Hamikdash commenced
-8272935The first Beit Hamikdash was completed
-7972964Solomon died and his kingdom was divided
-7972964Rehabeam (son of Solomon) became king of Judah
-7972964Jeroboam ben Nevat became king over Israel
-7183043Elijah went up in a chariot of fire
-6773084Joash renovated the Beit Hamikdash
-6193142Isaiah began his prophecies
-5743187The first two of the Ten Tribes were exiled
-5663195Another two of the Ten Tribes were exiled
-5623199Hezekiah became king of Judah
-5563205The last of the Ten Tribes were exiled
-5483213Sennacherib invaded the Land of Judah and retreated
-5333228Menasseh (son of Hezekiah) became king of Judah
-4633298Jeremiah began his prophecies
-4583303Josiah renovated the Beit Hamikdash
-4423319Jerusalem was conquered and Joiakim (Yehoyakim) was exiled
-4403321Joiakim burned the Book of Lamentations composed by Jeremiah
-4343327Jerusalem was conquered again and Jehoiachin was exiled
-4303331Jeremiah persisted in prophesying calamity
-4293332Ezekiel prophesied in exile
-4253336The final Babylonian siege of Jerusalem
-4233338The walls of Jerusalem were penetrated
-4233338The sacrifices ceased in the Beit Hamikdash
-4233338The First Temple destroyed

Exile in Babylon

-4233339Gedalyah ben Achikam was killed
-4213340Daniel interpreted Nebuchadnezzar dream
-4103352Ezekiel prophesied about the future Beit Hamikdash
-3723389Daniel read the writing on the wall
-3723389Daniel was thrown into the lion’s den
-3713390Zerubabel led the return to the Land of Israel
-3703391Building of Second Temple commenced, then halted
-3663395Achashverosh II made his great banquet
-3623399Esther was taken to the palace
-3573404Esther took action against Haman’s decree
-3553406Mordechai proclaimed the celebration of Purim
-3533408Building of the second Beit Hamikdash resumed
-3493412The Second Temple completed

Building of the Second Holy Temple

-3483413Ezra led the second return to the Land of Israel
-3353426Nehemiah returned to rebuild walls of Jerusalem
-3133448Ezra died
-3133448Simon the Tzaddik met Alexander the Great
-3133449The Minyan Shtarot began

Greek Cultural Domination

-2733488Simon the Tzaddik died
-246351572 Elders translated the Torah into Greek (Septuagint)
-1403621The revolt of Mattityahu the Chashmona’i

Kingdom of Judea: Dynasty of the Chashmona’im

-1393622Judah the Maccabee ruled
-1393622The Second Beit Hamikdash was re-dedicated
-1383623Hannukah was declared a festival
-1333628Judah the Maccabee was killed in battle
-1333628Yonatan (son of Mattityahu) ruled
-1273634Shimon (son of Mattityahu) ruled
-1193642Yohanan Hyrkanos (son of Shimon) ruled
-933668Judah Aristoblus (son of Yochanan Hyrkanos) ruled
-913670Alexander Yannai (son of Yochanan Hyrkanos) ruled
-733688Queen Shalomtzion (Salome Alexandra, wife of Alexander Yannai) ruled
-653696Aristoblus II (son of Alexander Yannai) ruled/td>
-613700The Romans gained control of Judea
-613700Hyrkanos II (son of Alexander Yannai) ruled
-403721Antigonus (son of Aristoblus II) ruled

Roman Client Kings and Rulers: The Herodian Dynasty

-363725Herod I ruled, killing all the Chashmona’im
-333728Hillel became the leader of the Torah scholars
-193742Herod I began rebuilding the second Beit Hamikdash
-113750Renovation of the second Beit Hamikdash was completed
13761Archelaus (son of Herod I) ruled
83768Hillel died
103770Archelaus was deposed by the Roman Emperor
213781Agrippa I (grandson of Herod I) ruled
283788The Sanhedrin moved from the second Beit Hamikdash
443804Agrippa II (son of Agrippa I) ruled
503810Rabban Gamliel I (son of Shimon) grandson of Hillel, died
663826Vespasian arrived in Judea to reassert Roman authority
693829The Second Temple destroyed

The Talmudic Era: The Mishnah

743834R. Yohanan ben Zakkai died
863846The Sanhedrin moved from place to place, under R. Gamliel II
1333893Betar fell, and the Bar Kochba revolt ended in tragedy
1343894Judaism was banned, and R. Akiva was imprisoned
1893949R. Judah Hanassi completed the Mishnah around this time

The Talmudic Era: The Gemara

2193979Rav left the Land of Israel and settled in Bablyonia
2474007Shmuel was the Talmudic authority in Bablyonia
2544014R. Yohanan was the leading Talmudic authority
2904050R. Huna was the leading Talmudic authority
2984058R. Yehudah was the leading Talmudic authority
3004060R. Chisda was the leading Talmudic authority
3094069Rabbah was the leading Talmudic authority
3214081R. Yosef was the leading Talmudic authority
3254085Abayey was the leading Talmudic authority
3384098Rava was the leading Talmudic authority
3594119Hillel II (who established the calendar) became Nassi
3924152R. Ashi was the leading Talmudic authority
4274187R. Ashi died after the compilation of the Gemara
4754235The Talmud was complete when Ravina II died

The Rabbanan

5514311Mar Zutra proclaimed Jewish self-rule in Babylonia

The Geonim

5894349The talmudic academy of Pumpedita was reconstituted
6094369The talmudic academy of Sura was reconstituted
6144374The Persians conquered the Land of Israel
6144374The Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem
6294389The Byzantine Empire reconquered the Land of Israel
6364396R. Yitzchak was the last gaon of Neharde’a (Firuz-Shabur)
6374397The Arabs conquered the Land of Israel
6454405One of the “Takkkanot Hage’onim” was enacted at this time
7554515R. Achai Gaon left Iraq for the Land of Israel
7594519R. Yehuda became gaon of Sura
7594519The Halachot Gedolot (BaHag) was written at this time
7884548Another of the “Takkanot Hage’onim” was enacted at this time
8584618R. Amram (who wrote the Siddur) became gaon of Sura
9284688Rabbeinu Saadya was appointed gaon of Sura
9554715“Four Captives” were ransomed at around this time
9684728R. Sherira became gaon of Pumpedita
9974757R. Hai became (the last) gaon of Pumpedita
10384798R. Hai died, and the academies of Babylon declined

The Early Rishonim: The Crusade Massacres

10404800Rabbeinu Gersom Me’or Hagola died
10884848The Rif arrived in Spain from Morocco
10964856The Crusaders destroyed Jewish communities
10994859Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders
11034863The Rif died
11054865Rashi died, and the era of the Tosaphot began
11354895The Rambam (Maimonides) was born
11444904The first (recorded) blood libel took place
11474907The Crusaders attacked Jewish communities
11474907Rabbeinu Tam was captured by the Crusaders
11484908The Rambam’s and the Radak’s families left Cordova
11654925The Rambam visited the Land of Israel
11714931Rabbeinu Tam died
11754935The Rashbam died
11844944The young son of the Ri was killed
11874948Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem
11894949R. Yaakov D’Orleans was killed in London
11904950Jews were massacred in England in the third Crusade
11914951Rabbi David Kimchi, known as the “Radak”, wrote his commentary
11944954The Ramban (Nachmanides) was born
11984959The Ra’avad died
12044965The Rambam died
12364996Rampaging mobs massacred Jews in France
12425002A massive burning of the Talmud took place in Paris
12445004Jerusalem was sacked by Egyptians and Turks
12525012The Inquisition began to use torture
12675027The Ramban left Spain and settled in the Land of Israel
12705030The Ramban died
12865046The Maharam MeRothenburg was imprisoned
12905050New works advanced the study of Kabbalah
12905050The era of the Tosaphot concluded at around this time

Later Rishonim: Persecutions and Expulsions

12905050All Jews were expelled from England
12935053The Maharam MeRothenburg died in prison
12985058The Rindfleisch massacres began
12985058The author of the ‘Mordechai’ and Hagahot Maimoniyot were killed
13055065The Rashba placed a limited ban on philosophy
13055065The Rosh and his son, the Tur, arrived in Spain
13065066All Jews were expelled from France
13105070The Rashba died
13205080Jews were massacred by the Pastoureaux Crusaders
13275088The Rosh died
13365096Jews of Germany were massacred by the Armleder bands
13385098The Ralbag wrote his commentary on the Bible
13495109The Black Death massacres swept across Europe
13675127The Ran, Rivash, and other scholars in Spain were imprisoned
13915151Jews of Spain were massacred — many were forced to convert
13915151The Rivash and Rashbatz left Spain
13945155The Final expulsion of Jews from France
14135173R. Yosef Albo was in a forced debate with Christians
14215181Jews in Austria were massacred in the Wiener Gezera
14755235The invention of printing was used for Jewish books
14815241The Inquisition was established in Spain
14885248R. Ovadiah De Bertinoro settled in Jerusalem
14915251Columbus consulted R. Avraham Zacuto for his travels
14925252All Jews were expelled from Spain and Sicily

The Great Scholars of the Shulchan Aruch and Torah Consolidation

14935253R.Yitzchak Abarbanel arrived in Naples, from Spain
14965257All Jews were expelled from Portugal
15165276The Ein Yaakov was printed
15165276The Turks (Ottoman Empire) conquered Eretz Yisrael
15255285R.Yosef Yoselman saved many Jews during the Peasants’ War
15535314A mass burning of Jewish books took place in Rome
15635323The Shulchan Aruch was completed by R.Yosef Karo
15705330The Shulchan Aruch was published with supplements of Rama
15725332The Arizal died in Tzfat
15735333The Maharal came to Prague
15735334The Maharshal died
15755335R.Yosef Karo died in Tzefat
15995359The Maharal returned to Prague again
16145374The Maharsha became rabbi in Lublin
16165377The Tosaphot Yom Tov commentary was concluded
16215382The Shaloh arrived in the Land of Israel
16295389R.Yom Tov Lipman Heller was imprisoned in Prague
16405400R.Yoel Sirkes, the Bach, died
16465406The Shach and Taz (on Shulchan Aruch) were printed
16485408Jews were massacred by Chmielnicki’s forces

Early Acharonim and East European Massacres

16545414The first Jews settled in New Amsterdam (New York)
16555415Many Jews killed in Russian and Swedish invasions of Poland
16565416Jews were permitted to live in England
16565416Baruch Spinoza was excommunicated
16735433The Magen Avraham (on Shulchan Aruch) was completed
16765437Shabtai Tzvi died as a Muslim
16895449The Beit Shmuel (on the Shulchan Aruch) was printed
16985458The Baal Shem Tov was born
17025463The Pnei Yehoshua’s family was killed in an explosion
17125472The Siftei Chachamim was arrested
17245484R.Yaakov Culi (Me’am Lo’ez) arrived in Constantinople
17275487The Mishneh LeMelech died
17345494Jews were massacred by the Haidamack bands

Acharonim and Early Chassidim

17415501The Or HaChayim arrived in the Land of Israel
17475507R. Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (Ramchal) died in Acco (Acre)
17505510R. Jonathan Eybeschutz became Rabbi in Hamburg
17545515R. Yechezkel Landau, known as the “Noda BiYehuda”, became Rabbi in Prague
17575518The Frankists instigated mass burnings of the Talmud
17595519Frankists supported blood libel charges in public ‘debate’
17605520The Baal Shem Tov died
17645524The Council of Four Lands, known as the “Vaad Arba Aratzot”, was discontinued
17685528Despite resistance, the Haidamacks massacre thousands
17725532The Maggid of Mezeritsch died
17825542R. N. Adler and Chatam Sofer visited the Noda BiYehuda
17865546R. Elimelech of Lizensk died
17915551The Pale of Settlement was established in Russia
17935553Jews suffered in reign of terror of French Revolution
17975558The Vilna Gaon died
17985559The Ba’al HaTanya was released from first imprisonment
17995559Napoleon led an army expedition through the Land of Israel
18065566The Chida (R. Chaim Yosef David Azulai) died
18065566The Chatam Sofer became rabbi in Pressburg
18095570R. Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev died
18105571R. Nachman of Breslov died
18145574R. Akiva Eger became rabbi in Posen
18145575Kozhnitzer Maggid and Yehudi of Peshischa, both died
18155575Chozeh of Lublin and R. Mendel of Rymanov both died
18195579Anti Jewish riots spread throughout Germany
18275587Russia began conscripting Jewish children to the army
18405600R.Yisrael of Ruzhin was released from imprisonment

Later Acharonim and the Changing Society

18435603The Tzemach Tzedek of Lubavitch was repeatedly arrested in Russia
18465606Sir Moshe Montefiore visited Russia to help local Jews
18485609R. Yisrael Salanter left Vilna
18515611R. Shimshon Raphael Hirsch became rabbi in Frankfort am Main
18595619R. Menachem Mendel of Kotzk died
18645624The Malbim was imprisoned, and then expelled from Rumania
18665626Chidushei HaRim, Tiferet Shlomo, and Tzemach Tzedek, died
18735633The Chafetz Chaim was published
18745634The Minchat Chinuch died
18785638Petah Tikvah agricultural settlement was established
18815641Many Jews began leaving Russia after a wave of pogroms
18865646R. Shlomo Ganzfried (author of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch) died
18925652R. Chaim (Brisker) became Rabbi in Brisk
19055665The Sfat Emet died
19055665Many Jews were killed in (official) Russian pogroms
19115671Chazon Ish was published
19145674Over 500,000 Jewish soldiers fought in World War I
19185678Over 60,000 Jews were killed during the Russian Revolution
19235684The Daf HaYomi study cycle commenced
19275687The Sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe was released from Soviet prison
19385699Jews were attacked in the Kristallnacht pogroms in Germany

The Holocaust

19395699Germany started World War II, and mass killing of Jews
19415701Nazi Germany unexpectedly invaded Russia
19415701200,000 Jews were killed at Babi Yar and Ponary
19425702400,000 Jews of Warsaw were sent to death camps
19435703Nazi Germany experienced massive losses in the battle of Stalingrad
19435703The remaining Jews in Warsaw staged a massive uprising
19435703Jewish uprisings at Treblinka, Sobibor, and Bialystock
19435703The Danish people quietly rescued 93% of their Jews to safety
19445704300,000 Hungarian Jews were killed in 3 months
19445705Uprising in Auschwitz death camp just before freedom
19455705Nazi Germany was conquered, and World War II ended
194557056,000,000 Jews were killed by the Nazis during the war

The Modern State of Israel

19475707Publication of the Talmud Encyclopedia was commenced
19475708The United Nations divided Israel
19475708Arabs attacked Israel to gain territory
19485708The State of Israel was established
19485708Israel was invaded by many Arab countries
19495709The “War of Independence” in Israel ended
19505710All Jews left the ancient Jewish community of Iraq
19505710Almost all Jews of Yemen emigrated to Israel
19515711The Lubavitcher Rebbe accepts the mantle of leadership
19565717Jewish forces invaded Egypt and conquered the Sinai Desert
19675727The Lubavitcher Rebbe established the Tefillin Campaign
19675727Jerusalem re-united under Jewish rule in the Six Day War
197357342,500 Jewish soldiers were killed in the Yom Kippur War
19745734The Lubavitcher Rebbe established the Shabbat Candle Campaign
19825742Massive enemy arsenals were discovered in Lebanon
19875746The first international conference of Chabad Lubavitch emissaries
19935753A secret agreement signed in Oslo
19945754The Lubavitcher Rebbe passed away
20085767Deadly terrorist attack at the Chabad House in Mumbai, India, kills six
20205780Israel signed “Abraham Accords,” normalizing relations with UAE and Bahrain, soon followed by Sudan and Morocco.

~ by Joel Huan on July 25, 2022.

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