Amos (Ch 5-6)

The prophecy of Amos is to the United States today in which the prophet thunders the warning of the impending judgement of God, beginning with the ancient house of Israel, the northern kingdom; then Israel’s surrounding pagan neighbors, then briefly resting for a moment upon the house of Judah, and by way of climax describing the prophetic utter ruin and devastation of the endtime house of Five Eyes.

Amos 5

1 Hear ye this word which I take up against you, even a lamentation, O house of Israel: — hear ye the word which I take up against you… and which was not Amos’ word but the word of the Lord; and which he took up by his direction as a heavy burden as some prophecies are called, and though against them, a reproof for their sins and was to be heard; for every word of God is pure and to be hearkened to, whether for us or against us; since the whole is profitable. It may be rendered, “which I take up concerning you” or “over you”

— even a lamentation, O house of Israel; a mournful ditty, an elegiac song over the house of Israel, now expiring and as it were dead. This word was like Ezekiel’s roll, in which were written lamentation and mourning and woe Ezekiel 2:10; full of mournful matter, misery and distress.

The virgin of Israel is fallen; she shall no more rise. She is forsaken upon her land; there is none to raise her up. — the virgin of Israel is fallen… the kingdom of Israel, so called, because it had never been subdued or become subject to a foreign power since it was a kingdom; or because considered in its ecclesiastic state it had been espoused to the Lord as a chaste virgin; and perhaps this may be ironically spoken and refers to its present adulterate and degenerated state worshipping the calves at Dan and Bethel; 

— she shall no more rise; and become a kingdom again as it never has as yet since the ten tribes were carried away captive by Shalmaneser king of Assyria to which calamity this prophecy refers; the Targum says, “shall not rise again this year.”

— she is forsaken upon her land; by her people, her princes and her God; or prostrate on the ground as the Targum says; she was cast upon the ground and dashed to pieces by the enemy as an earthen vessel and there left her ruin being irrecoverable; so whatever is cast and scattered or dashed to pieces on the ground and left, is expressed by the word here used as Rashi observes:

— there is none to raise her up: her princes and people are either slain by the sword, famine and pestilence or carried captive and so can yield her no assistance; her idols whom she worshipped cannot, and her God she forsook will not;

— for a country like the United States now, with so much filths, to be a virgin, it has to undergo much purifications, which in God’s eye has to undergo a prolonged captivity; Judah’s experience under Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon was just a preamble; just 70 years; currently a great captivity for Ephraim is in the making! Perhaps a super hyperinflation would be a start?

For thus saith the Lord God: “The city that went out by a thousand shall be left a hundred, and that which went forth by a hundred shall be left ten to the house of Israel.” — the city that went out by a thousand shall leave an hundred; that is, the city in which there were a thousand constantly going in and out; or which sent, caused to go out, or furnished, a thousand men upon occasion for war had only a hundred persons left in it; or there remained but a hundred of the thousand they sent out, the rest being destroyed by one means or another:

— and that which went forth by an hundred shall leave ten, to the house of Israel; where there were a hundred persons going out and coming in continually; or which sent out a hundred men to the army to fight their battles had now only ten remaining; to such a small number were they reduced all over the land so that there were none or not a number sufficient to raise up Israel to its former state and glory.

For thus saith the Lord unto the house of Israel: “Seek ye Me, and ye shall live; — for thus saith the Lord unto the house of Israel in a last attempt to save its people from themselves, Seek ye Me, in sincere worship of the one true God and ye shall live;

but seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and pass not to Beersheba; for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nought. — but seek not Bethel… do not go to Bethel, the place where one of Jeroboam’s calves was set up and worshipped, to consult the oracle, idols and priests there; or to perform religious worship, which will be your ruin, if not prevented by another course of living:

— nor enter into Gilgal; another place of idolatry where idols were set up and worshipped.

Seek the Lord, and ye shall live; lest He break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour it, and there be none to quench it in Bethel — lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour it; that is, lest his wrath and fury break out against the house of five eyes like fire; as the Targum says, by sending an enemy to invade the land, destroy it and carry the inhabitants of it captive; even all the ten tribes who frequently go by the name of Ephraim the son of Joseph, that being the principal tribe;

— and there be none to quench it in Bethel; the calf worshipped there, and the priests that officiated, would not be able to avert the stroke of divine vengeance or turn back the enemy and save the land from ruin. The Targum says, “and there be none to quench it because of your sins who have been serving idols in Bethel.”

7 ye who turn judgement to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth. — and there be none to quench it in Bethel; the calf worshipped there and the priests that officiated would not be able to avert the stroke of divine vengeance or turn back the enemy and save the land from ruin. The Targum says, “and there be none to quench it, because of your sins, who have been serving idols in Bethel.”

Seek Him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night, who calleth for the waters of the sea and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The Lord is His name, — Pleaides and Orion… these great constellations, the first dominating the spring and summer months and the second the months of fall and winter were known to the ancients; and, “They are referred to in the Old Testament (Job 9:9; 38:31) as demonstrations of God’s creative power;

— the Lord is His name; the Lord isn’t his name, the Lord is a title; Yehovah is his name (more at the end)

who strengtheneth the despoiled against the strong, so that the despoiled shall come against the fortress. — that strengtheneth the spoiled against the strong… such as have been taken by an enemy who have been stripped of their armour and spoiled of all their goods and substance and have no friends nor allies nor anything to help themselves with; the Lord can supply them with strength, furnish them with weapons and send them helpers so that they shall rise up against their conquerors and spoilers and in their turn subdue them;

— the Targum says, “that strengthens the weak against the strong” or causes the weak to prevail over the strong;

— so that the spoiled shall come against the fortress: lay siege to it and take it in which the spoiler thought himself secure with the spoil and substance he had taken from the spoiled; such sudden changes and vicissitudes can God bring upon men when he pleases. Some apply this to the Romans strengthened against the Jews and besieging their fortified city Jerusalem; but not very aptly.

10 They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly. — they hate him that rebuketh in the gate… openly and publicly in the courts of judicature: wicked judges hated the prophets of the Lord such as Amos who faithfully reproved them for the perversion of justice even when they were upon the bench: or the people were so corrupt and degenerate that they hated those faithful judges who reproved them for their vices in the open courts of justice when they came before them;

— and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly; not only hate him but abhor him, cannot bear the sight of him, or to hear his name mentioned that speaks out his mind freely and honestly and tells them of their sins and advises them to repent of them and leave them.

11 Forasmuch therefore as your treading is upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat, ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine from them. — forasmuch, therefore, as your treading is upon the poor in the oppression which was then so generally practiced and ye take from him; burdens of wheat, exacting such gifts by methods of violence:

— ye have built houses of hewn stone, costly dwellings, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards with their unlawful gains but ye shall not drink wine of them.

12 For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor at the gate from their right. — for I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins, outstanding even in the midst of a nation steeped in wickedness; they afflict the just, making life a burden for him, they take a bribe causing such bribe money to be paid in order that men might buy their freedom from the oppression of these same rulers;

— and they turn aside the poor in the gate where the courts of justice were held from their right. Thus the poor were without champions of their right and were obliged to bow to the mighty, a condition which still prevails almost universally.

13 Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time; for it is an evil time. — therefore the prudent shall keep silence at that time… not the prophets of the Lord whose business it was at all times to reprove and not hold their peace, let the consequence be what it would; though the Targum calls them teachers; but private persons whose wisdom it would be to say nothing; since reproof would do no good to these persons and they would bring a great deal of hatred ill will and trouble upon themselves as well as would hear the name of God blasphemed which would be very afflictive to them:

— or the sense is, they would not speak to God on the behalf of these wicked men, knowing the decree was gone forth; nor say one murmuring word at it, believing it was in righteousness; and being struck also with the awfulness of God’s righteous judgements.

14 Seek good and not evil, that ye may live; and so the Lord, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken. — seek good, and not evil that ye may live for there lies the way to true life; and so the Lord, the God of hosts shall be with you as ye have spoken that is by following His will.

15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgement in the gate. It may be that the Lord God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph. — hate the evil and love the good and establish judgement in the gate so that justice would truly be administered in all cases brought to trial; it may be that the Lord God of hosts in that event will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph, to the few of the house of Five Eyes who would be left after the punishment now impending (more from Ezekiel 12 at the end)

16 Therefore the Lord, the God of hosts, the Lord saith thus: “Wailing shall be in all streets, and they shall say in all the highways, ‘Alas! Alas!’ And they shall call the husbandman to mourning, and such as are skillful in lamentation to wailing. — therefore the Lord, the God of hosts, the Lord, the one and only true God, saith thus, Wailing shall be in all streets, mourning on account of the chastisement which has come upon them for ignoring the appeal of the prophet; and they shall say in all the highways, expressing their grief in open lamentations;

— Alas! Alas! And they shall call the husbandman to mourning to join in the death-wail over some relative and such as are skilful of lamentation the professional wailing women, to wailing, so that the entire country would resound with cries of grief.

17 And in all vineyards shall be wailing, for I will pass through thee,” saith the Lord. — and in all vineyards shall be wailing, instead of the shouts of joy formerly heard there; for I will pass through thee, saith the Lord, with His visitation of wrath.

18 Woe unto you that desire the day of the Lord! To what end is it for you? The day of the Lord is darkness, and not light: — woe unto you that desire the day of the Lord! or the Lord’s day (which isn’t Sunday, Revelation 1:10); believing that their external redemption with the Lord’s people would save them from God’s judgement which was to strike the nations;

— to what end is it for you? What result would it have for them? What good would it bring them? The day of the Lord is darkness and not light; it would bring to willful sinners destruction and not deliverance.

19 as if a man fled from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. — as if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him, so it would be with those who desired the day of the Lord’s judgement, or went into the house and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him, hoping to escape the one calamity, the wicked Israelites would be overtaken by another.

20 Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light? Even very dark, and no brightness in it? — shall not the day of the Lord be darkness and not light? full of tribulation and misery; the day of the Lord, or the Lord’s day (which isn’t Sunday, Revelation 1:10); is darkness and not light; it would bring no deliverance to those who trample justice and right beneath their feet; even very dark, and no brightness in it? not a ray for the willful transgressors. Therefore even the feasts of the people would avail them nothing under the circumstances as here presented.

21 “I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell the scent in your solemn assemblies. — I hate, I despise, your feast-days, as the Lord calls out to them: Easters (Jeremiah 44:17-25), Christmas (Ezekiel 8:15-16); and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies, by taking pleasure in the odor of the offerings brought by them.

22 Though ye offer Me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them; neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts. — though ye offer Me burnt offerings and your meat-offerings, as they still continued to do in their effort to have the Lord accept their outward worship, I will not accept them; neither will I accept the peace-offerings, or thank-offerings, of your fat beasts, some says it means one of the kinds of the larger cattle; for not a lamb, a ram or a goat is meant as the word is sometimes rendered by the Septuagint, but a creature like an ox; and much larger or the wild ox; they are rejected since their entire service was hypocrisy.

23 Take thou away from Me the noise of thy songs, for I will not hear the melody of thy viols. — take thou away from Me the noise of thy songs as He contemptuously calls their congregational singing; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols, of the harps and other instrumental music used in public services.

24 But let judgement run down like waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream. — but let judgement, the just punishment of the Lord run down like waters, signifying the plenty of justice done in the land, the full and free exercise of it, without any stoppage or intermission: in a great and consuming flood and righteousness, namely, that of the divine justice, as a mighty stream, like a mighty torrent of water should come down, overwhelm and destroy all before it, even any transgressors in Israel.

25 “Have ye offered unto Me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel? — have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings… no; they were not offered to God, but to the devils, to the golden calf and to the host of heaven: so their fathers did;

— in the wilderness forty years; where sacrifices were omitted during that time, a round number for a broken one, it being about thirty eight years; and these their children were imitators of them and offered sacrifice to idols too, and therefore deserved punishment as they: even ye,

— O house of Israel? the ten tribes who are here particularly charged and threatened.

26 But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god which ye made for yourselves. — but ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch, the war-god of the Moabites and Ammonites; and Chiun, which in the Arabic and Persian languages is the name of Saturn, a star-divinity;

— your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves. Even in the wilderness the children of Israel did not quite discard their idolatry but carried their idol-pictures along with them and thus provoked the Lord.

27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus,” saith the Lord, whose name is The God of Hosts. — therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus… the chief city of Syria; and which lay to the east of the land of Israel, and was a very strong and fortified place: and Syria being in alliance with Israel, the Israelites might think of fleeing thither for refuge in the time of their distress; but they are here told that they should be taken captive and be carried to places far more remote than that.

~~~

Ezekiel 12:16 But I will leave a few men of them from the sword, from the famine and from the pestilence, that they may declare all their abominations among the nations whither they come; and they shall know that I am the Lord.” — “that they may declare all their abominations among the nations;” this explains why a few are left to survive;

— if they have hidden in some secret hideouts, they won’t be able to “declare all their abominations among the nations” whither they come; who, observing their calamities, and distresses, could deserve and a need to know, and hear those who are well-versed to explain their sins, abominations and judgement to the nations;

— those remnants who survive would explain to the nations that they have been guilty of great enormities, so that their punishment was a visible and standing declaration and warning to the nations of the abominable sins they, of the house of Israel, had been guilty of; and not to repeat them in their own nations.

Amos 6

1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, who are named chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel came! — woe to them that are at ease in Zion, given to a false security and trust in the mountain of Samaria; these mountains refer to the United States, UK and France; those who are apparently without a care as they occupy their mountain dwellings where they consider themselves safe, which are named chief of the nations, the most excellent heads of the chosen people in both Judah and Israel, to whom the house of Israel came, namely, for counsel and direction for the decision of their controversies;

— more on the Mountains of Samaria or the Mountains of Israel in Ezekiel 6:3 and say: ‘Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God. Thus saith the Lord God to the mountains and to the hills, to the rivers and to the valleys: Behold I, even I, will bring a sword upon you, and I will destroy your high places; this message to the “mountains of Israel” these refer to the United States, UK and France; “and to the hills, to the rivers and to the valleys;” the hills: Ireland, Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, Finland, and Iceland; and the valleys, the low countries: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

— the Targum says, “that trust in the fortress of Samaria” the United States, UK and France, all have nuclear weapons.

Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great; then go down to Gath of the Philistines. Are they better than these kingdoms? Or their border greater than your border? — pass ye unto Calneh, a city in Babylonia, on the river Tigris, and see, and from thence go ye to Hamath, the great, a district and city of Syria beyond the extreme northern boundary of Canaan; then go down to Gath of the Philistines so that they would visit some of the most powerful of the neighboring nations;

— be they better than these kingdoms? that is, these two or three kingdoms mentioned above were in no better condition in dignity or grandeur, in wealth or strength than Judah and Israel, or their border greater than your border? Israel thus ranking at that time with the first of the nations, unexcelled by any of their heathen neighbors. But for this very fact, on account of their reliance upon their prosperity and power, the Lord pronounces a woe upon them as they were more ungrateful were Israel and Judah to sin against the Lord as they had done.

Ye that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near, — ye that put far away the evil day, refusing to believe that a day of reckoning is near and cause the seat of violence to come near, so that violence and oppression come ever nearer to them that they become guilty of these transgressions with ever-increasing frequency. This ignoring of the Lord and His holy will was apparent particularly in their luxurious feasting.

that lie upon beds of ivory and stretch themselves upon their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock and the calves out of the midst of the stall; — that lie upon beds of ivory, on costly couches, inlaid with ivory, and stretch themselves upon their couches, reclining in luxurious self-indulgence on the sofas of their dining-rooms, 

— and eat the lambs out of the flock and the calves out of the midst of the stall, in either case the choicest animals;

that chant to the sound of the viol, and invent for themselves instruments of music, like David; — that chant to the sound of the viol in quavering and silly songs and invent to themselves instruments of music, like David, but only for the gratification of their own vanity and sensuality, instead of for the glory of God as did David;

that drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments— but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph. — that drink wine in bowls… members of the Five Eyes drink wine not in small cups or glasses but in large bowls and that they might drink freely, even to drunkenness; hence we read of the drunkards of Ephraim or the drunkards of the Five Eyes, Isaiah 28:1; and they “drink in bowls of wine”; which is much to the same sense. The Targum says, “that drink wine in silver phials;” – a phials is a small cylindrical glass bottle;

— and anoint themselves with the chief ointments, using only the finest grades for their purpose; but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph, literally, “the breach of Joseph,” that is, the impending calamity, the looming destruction of the house of the Five Eyes; they indulge in wanton luxury even while their country is hastening to its national debts, inflations, civil unrests and declines.

Therefore now shall they go captive with the first that go captive, and the banquet of them that stretched themselves shall be removed. — therefore now shall they, those who indulged themselves in drinking while their country was getting ready for dissolution, go captive with the first that go captive, this being said in bitter irony concerning the position of the rulers in the procession of captives,

— and the banquet of them that stretched themselves, reclining in careless ease shall be removed so that they could no more indulge in feasts and drinking-bouts.

The Lord God hath sworn by Himself; saith the Lord the God of hosts: “I abhor the pretensions of Jacob, and hate his palaces; therefore will I deliver up the city with all that is therein.” — the Lord God hath sworn by Himself, saith the Lord God of hosts, a most solemn oath, I abhor the excellency of Jacob, or “the pride of Jacob” of the ten tribes, remarkable for their pride; the prosperous West, hence called the crown of pride, the pride which they exhibited regarding their prosperity and power: the G7 and the core members of the OECD;

And it shall come to pass, if there remain ten men in one house, that they shall die. — and it shall come to pass, if there remain ten men in one house, that they shall die, that is, no matter how large the number who are not already carried captive or destroyed by the sword; not one would escape but would die.

10 And a man’s kinsman shall take him up, and he that burneth him, to bring the bones out of the house, and shall say unto him that is by the side of the house, “Is there yet any with thee?” And he shall say, “No.” Then shall he say, “Hold thy tongue, for we may not make mention of the name of the Lord.” — and a man’s uncle shall take him up and he that burneth him, literally, “his cousin and his burier,” that is, a near relative who had the duty of providing for his burial to bring out the bones out of the house and shall say unto him that is by the sides of the house, a last survivor hiding in the innermost recesses of the house;

— is there yet any with thee? And he shall say, No. Then shall he say, Hold thy tongue, quickly cautioning him not to say any more; for we may not make mention of the name of the Lord, he should not utter Yehovah’s name, lest by doing so he call the Lord’s attention and bring down judgement upon himself.

11 For behold, the Lord commandeth, and He will smite the great house with breaches, and the little house with clefts. — for, behold, the Lord commandeth, and He will smite the great house with breaches so that it would become a total ruin; also strongly supports the probability that the “ten men left in one house” in those verses (Amos 5:3, 6:9) has reference to one of those great palatial establishments for which “Samaria” was famous, each having an occupancy of a hundred or so, including domestics, servants and retainers. 

— and the little house with clefts; so that it shall fall to ruin; that is, he shall smite the houses both of great and small of the princes and of the common people either with an earthquake so that they shall part asunder and fall or being left without inhabitants shall of course become desolate, there being none to repair their breaches;

— some understand by the “great house” the ten tribes of Israel; and by the “little house” the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin; to which sense the Targum seems to incline, “he will smite the great kingdom with a mighty stroke and the little kingdom with a weak stroke.”

12 Shall horses run upon the rock? Will one plow there with oxen? For ye have turned judgement into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock, — shall horses run upon the rock? Will one plow there with oxen? as little as either feat is possible, so little is it possible that one by perverting right and justice into the opposite can bring deliverance to himself and his country;

— there is a spiritual and moral order in the universe that is just as impossible to ignore as the natural order; it is as senseless to pervert justice as it is to expect horses to run on the rocks or for oxen to plow on rock;

— for ye have turned judgement into gall, justice into poison; into a hemlock, which is a dangerous plant containing toxic alkaloids that can be fatal even in small amounts; injustice and oppression.

13 ye that rejoice in a thing of nought, who say, “Have we not taken to us horns by our own strength?” — ye which rejoice in a thing of naught, trusting in their wealth and riches which are things that are not, except in their own imagination because of the uncertainty of them;

— which say, Have we not taken to us horns by our own strength? trusting in the strength of their armies and weapons by which they hoped to overcome all enemies.

14 “But, behold, I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel,” saith the Lord the God of hosts; “and they shall afflict you from the entrance of Hemath unto the river of the wilderness.” — “I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel…” it should always be remembered in studying this prophecy that it was exactly and terribly fulfilled just as God had promised. Both the Sacred Scriptures and the testimony of the archeologist testify to the overwhelming destruction of Israel within some thirty years after Amos wrote this prophecy.

“The kingdom of Israel was destroyed in the year 722 by Sargon in the first month of his reign when Samaria was taken after a siege which was begun by his predecessor, Shalmanezer IV, and had lasted three years.”

— the Assyrian nation under its king Shalmaneser, who invaded Israel came up to Samaria and after a three years’ siege, took it and carried Israel captive into foreign lands, II Kings 17:5; and they shall afflict you; by battles, sieges, forages, plunders and burning of cities and towns and putting the inhabitants to the sword.

~~~

More on God’s name, Yehovah.

God’s name is the four-letter Hebrew word יהוה‎ YHVH Yehovah, which are embedded in the Masoretic text over 6000 times, yet when translated into our English language most had been translated as Lord, or LORD, which are titles, but not his name. His name is יהוה‎ Yehovah or YEHOVAH (but there are no capital letters in Hebrew).

It wasn’t until 1524 that Gian Giorgio Trissino, an Italian Renaissance grammarian, invented the letter J that this new letter started to take a hold in the writings of western Europe. Even in 1611 when the English Bible the King James has our subject of study by the prophet Jeremiah he was known as Ieremiah. So Jehovah is a very late comer.

The following verses with the LORD erred in translation. His name Yehovah should be used:

I am the LORD; that is My name. And My glory will I not give to another, neither My praise to graven images. Isaiah 42:8

And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered; for in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call. Joel 2:32

“I am sought of them that asked not for Me; I am found of them that sought Me not. I said, ‘Behold Me, behold Me,’ unto a nation that was not called by My name. Isaiah 65:1

When we call our God, the LORD, we err because his name is not the LORD, which is a title. His name is YEHOVAH! May We all ask for his forgiveness and may Our merciful God forgive us all.

~ by Joel Huan on December 4, 2021.

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