A Study of Fred Coulter’s Passover

A Study of Fred Coulter’s The Christian Passover

What Does It Mean? When Should It Be Observed — the 14th or the 15th?

The Christian Passover
By Fred R. Coulter
Published by York Publishing Company
Third Edition 2010

With over 50 years in the ministry, Fred Coulter has written a comprehensive book on Passover and since then has been the flagship for those who keep Passover on the early fourteenth of Nisan. His book is now over 27 years, over three editions, and he claimed to have covered all and every issue of the Passover and I pretty much agree with him, so I started critiquing his book sometimes from mid-2019. And I put my critiques on the net for the world to read and study.

On the issue of erev it is defined by the Orthodoxy as “after noon and until nightfall.” Between the two eves (erevs), the time between the eve of the first decline of the day and the eve of the night. There are two evenings, one from the time the sun begins to decline is one evening, and the other evening is after the sun has gone down.

“Between the two evenings” is from the time when the sun begins to incline towards the west, which is from the sixth hour [noon or 12 o’clock] and onwards. It is erevim [“evenings”] because there are TWO EVENINGS, for “between the two evenings” is from the time that the sun begins to decline as one evening, and the other evening is after the sun has GONE DOWN. It is the space of time in between which is meant by “between the two evenings.”

Fred Coulter has addressed this issue at great length. Of course, like most in the CoG Communities, he has a contrary view. He says:

And since God Himself said that they would eat flesh during the time known as ben ha arbayim— ”between the two evenings,” or “between the setting-times”—we know without a doubt that ben ha arbayim IS THE TIME PERIOD THAT IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWS SUNSET. (Pg 47, latest pdf version online).

The chronological events that are recorded in Exodus 16 clearly define ben ha arbayim— “between the two evenings,” or “between the setting times”— as the time period that immediately FOLLOWS sunset, or ba erev. (Pg 48).

I have critiqued Fred Coulter’s work and put them all on the web. In fact I have critiqued all the relevant chapters, on many other issues upto chapter 19 (the NT Passover) in ten postings (up to draft Ij) and are all on the web. (Just click on the right hand side on “Passover” and roll down — they (covering all issues) are all there); or click below HERE for the relevant chapters.

Table of Contents

Chapter One
Passover, its Importance a Matter of Life and Death
Fourteen Rules for Bible Study

Chapter Two
The Real Meaning of “Passover”
and when I see the blood, I will “pass over” H6452 you Ex 12:13; the Lord will “pass over H6452” the door Ex 12:23; or
it is the Lord’S Passover H6453 Ex 12:11.
The Ordinances of keeping the Passover

A Critique of Chapter One and Two (Ia) HERE

Chapter Three
What is Ben Ha Arbayim (H6153) — “Between the Two Evenings”

Chapter Four
What is Ba Erev — at even (H6153)

A Critique of Chapter Three and Four (Ib) HERE

Chapter Five
What is Evening (erev H6153) and Morning (boqer H1242)
Exodus 16 and Numbers 11 — the Quails and Manna
How is Erev Different from Ben Ha Arbayim?

A Critique of Chapter Five (Ic) HERE

Chapter Six
Israel’s First Passover — 1) When and 2) Where Were the Lambs Killed? 3) Where Were the Children of Israel? 4) How Long Did It Take To Kill, Roast and Eat the Lambs, and To Burn the Bones and Remains?

Chapter Seven
Israel’s First Passover — 5) When Did the Children of Israel Leave Their Houses? 6) What Does “Night” (Lailah) and “Morning” (Boqer) Mean? 7) When Did the Children of Israel Spoil the Egyptians?

A Critique of Chapter Six and Seven (Id) HERE

Chapter Eight
The Exodus and the Feast of Unleavened Bread
8) When and Where Did the Exodus Begin? Assembling at Rameses and the Logistics and Timing of the Exodus

Chapter Nine
The Ordinances of the Passover.
The Passover of the Second Year. Did God Alter His Commands for the Passover?
Are All Blood from the Sacrifices Required To Be Sprinkled at the Altar?

A Critique of Chapter Eight and Nine (Ie) HERE

Chapter Ten
Changes in the Old Testament Passover Observance
Comparison of an Early and a Late 14th Passover
Are Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread Originally Separate Feasts?
Testimony from Josephus

Chapter Eleven
The Evils of Jeroboam and Israel
Fleeing the Bondage of Judaism —The Reform Movement

A Critique of Chapter Ten and Eleven (If) HERE

Chapter Twelve
When was the Temple Sacrifice Instituted?
The Temple Passover Under King Hezekiah

Chapter Thirteen
The Temple Passover Under King Josiah

A Critique of Chapter Twelve and Eleven (Ig) HERE

Chapter Fourteen
The Testimony of Deuteronomy 16?
The Composite Character of the Festival

Chapter Fifteen
Was Deuteronomy 16 Edited and Vandalised?

A Critique of Chapter Fourteen and Fifteen (Ih) HERE

Chapter Sixteen
Was Passover Allowed for the Exiled
Ezra Returned to Jerusalem to Restore the Passover

Chapter Seventeen
The Testimonies from Jewish Historians Philo and Josephus
Joachim Jeremias’ Calculations of Passover Lambs Sacrificed Yearly at the Temple Josephus’ Account of the Last Passover in Jerusalem

A Critique of Chapter Sixteen and Seventeen (Ii) HERE

Chapter Eighteen
Survey of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the Gospels
Did Jesus Keep the Passover or was He Offering Himself as the Passover?

Chapter Nineteen
Jesus’ Last Supper — Was that Meal a Passover?

A Critique of Chapter Eighteen and Nineteen (Ij) HERE

APPENDIX
JESUS’ LAST HOURS — timeline of Christ’s Missing Hours Before He died
Was That Night the Fourteenth?
Was That Meal the Passover Meal?
Was John Using Roman Hours in John 19:14?
For a Full Analysis, Click HERE

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~ by Joel Huan on June 7, 2020.

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